What’s the scientific names of all the vitamins?

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Scientific Names Of Vitamins

Welcome to Shikshapress. In this post, you will come to know about the scientific names of all the vitamins in English. A vitamin is one of a group of organic substances present in natural foods. Types of Vitamins are required for normal metabolism. All vitamins are known by the major chemical names of Vitamins.

List of Scientific Names of Vitamins

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Fat-soluble vitamins are stored in the fatty tissues of the body and liver. Vitamins A, D, E, and K are fat soluble. These are easier to store than water-soluble vitamins, and they can be preserved in the body for days, and sometimes months. Fat-soluble vitamins are absorbed from the intestinal tract with the help of fats or lipids.

List of All Scientific Name Of Vitamins

List of Fat Soluble Vitamins:-

  1. Vitamin A- Retinol
  2. Vitamin D- Calciferol
  3. Vitamin E- Tocopherol
  4. Vitamin K1- Phylloquinone
  5. Vitamin K2- Menaquinone
  6. Vitamin K3- Menadione

Water-soluble vitamins do not stay in the body for long. The body cannot store them, and they are soon excreted in the urine. Because of this, water-soluble vitamins need to be replaced more often than fat-soluble ones. The following are the names of water soluble vitamins:-

List of Water Soluble Vitamins:-

  1. Vitamin B1- Thiamine
  2. Vitamin B2- Riboflavin
  3. Vitamin B3- Niacin, Nicotinic acid
  4. Vitamin B5- Pantothenic acid
  5. Vitamin B6- Pyridoxine
  6. Vitamin B7- Biotin
  7. Vitamin B10- Folic acid
  8. Vitamin B12- Cyanocobalamin, Cobalamin
  9. Vitamin B17- Laetrile
  10. Vitamin C- Ascorbic acid

So far 13 vitamins are known (13 Essential Vitamins).

Vitamins are either water soluble or fat soluble. Fat-soluble vitamins are easier for the body to absorb than water-soluble ones. Vitamins always contain carbon, so they are called ‘organic’. Food is the best source of vitamins, but some people may be advised to use dietary supplements by a physician.

Vitamins and their Food Sources

Here’s a list of vitamins and minerals that are crucial for good health, plus the best food sources :

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Food sources

Vitamin A

from the animal origin as Vitamin A / all-trans-Retinol: Fish in general, liver and dairy products;

from plant origin as provitamin A / all-trans-beta-carotene: orange, ripe yellow fruits, leafy vegetables, carrots, pumpkin, squash, spinach

Vitamin B1

Pork, wholemeal grains, brown rice, vegetables, potatoes, liver, eggs

Vitamin B2

Dairy products, bananas, green beans, asparagus

Vitamin B3

Meat, fish, eggs, many vegetables, mushrooms, tree nuts

Vitamin B5

Meat, broccoli, avocados

Vitamin B6

Meat, vegetables, tree nuts, bananas

Vitamin B7

Raw egg yolk, liver, peanuts, leafy green vegetables

Vitamin B9

Leafy vegetables, pasta, bread, cereal, liver

Vitamin B12

Meat, poultry, fish, eggs, milk

Vitamin C

Many fruits and vegetables, liver

Vitamin D

Eggs, liver, certain fish species such as sardines, certain mushroom species such as shiitake

Vitamin E

Many fruits and vegetables, nuts and seeds, and seed oils

Vitamin K

Leafy green vegetables such as spinach; egg yolks; liver

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