Historical Monuments of India
Welcome to Shikshapress. India is the land of many monuments, temples, forts and palaces. Monuments are ancient buildings that have historical importance. They remind us of our glorious past and rich heritage. Some of our monuments have been declared as World Heritage Sites‘ by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO). The Taj Mahal is one of them. It became a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1983. UNESCO provides funds for the conservation and maintenance of such sites.
Top Historical Indian Monuments That You Need To Know
Historical Monuments of India #1 – Taj Mahal
The Taj Mahal is the most famous and beautiful monument in India. The Taj Mahal is one of the seven wonders of the world It was built on the banks of Yamuna in Agra by the Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan. He got it built in memory of his beloved Queen Mumtaz Mahal. It is built entirely of white marble. Its walls are intricately decorated with beautifully carved floral designs. It is Taj Mahal said that twenty two thousand labourers built it in about twenty two years. Its marble was brought from Rajasthan. Every day, thousands of tourists visit the Taj Mahal.
Historical Monuments of India #2 Red Fort
The Red Fort is another architectural masterpiece built by Shah Jahan. It is surrounded by a wall of red sandstone. Ithas the Diwan-e-Aam, Diwan-e-Khas and the Moti Masjid. The Diwan-e-Aam was the Mughal Emperor’s hall of the public audience while the Diwan-e-Khas was his hall of private audience. Today, the Prime Minister of India hoists the national flag and addresses the nation from the Red Fort on Independence Day every year.
Historical Monuments of India #3 Qutub Minar
The Qutub Minar is the highest stone tower in India. It is Delhi’s most prominent landmark. Its construction was started by Sultan Qutub-ud-Din Aibak, but after his death, it was completed by his successor Iltutmish. Originally, it had seven storeys but now only five storeys have been left. The building is 72.5 metres high with 379 curved steps to climb it. Near the building, there is the 1,500-year-old Iron Pillar built by the Hindu kings of the Gupta dynasty. The Iron Pillar is still rust-free showing the advanced knowledge of ancient Indians in the field of metals.
Historical Monuments of India #4 Hawa Mahal
The Hawa Mahal is a beautiful palace situated in Jaipur. It was built by Maharaja Sawai Pratap Singh II. It is made of pink and red sandstone. It has a number of small balconies with stone carved windows or jharokhas that ensure a constant cool breeze into the palace. All these balconies were built for the royal women Hawa Mahal so that they could see the religious and other processions passing through the streets. Today, tourists from all over the world come to Jaipur to see and appreciate this magnificent monument.
Historical Monuments of India #5 Charminar
Charminar is situated in Hyderabad. It is in the centre of the old city of Hyderabad. It was built by Sultan
Muhammad Quli Qutb Shah. It was built to celebrate the eradication of the epidemic of the plague from the city. It is a massive square gateway with four beautifully carved minarets, each 53 m high.
Historical Monuments of India #6 Meenakshi Temple
The Meenakshi temple is the most famous temple in Madurai. It is dedicated to Goddess Meenakshi, the incarnation of Goddess Parvati, and Lord Sundareswarar (Lord Shiva). One can see the colourful gopuram of its tower from a long distance. Inside the temple, there are many rooms. There is one grand hall also that has one thousand pillars. Each pillar is beautifully carved with scenes from the epics.
Historical Monuments of India #7 Sun Temple
The Sun temple is in Odisha. It was built by King Narasimhadeva I and is dedicated to the Sun God. It is the only temple in India dedicated to the Sun God. It took twelve years and twelve hundred labourers to build this temple. People also know this temple as Konark temple since it is situated in Konark near Puri. The temple has been made by cutting the rocks and is in the shape of a huge chariot. There are twelve pairs of stone-cut wheels and seven horses in the chariot. The seven horses represent the seven colours of the sun’s ray. Inside the temple, there used to be the idol of Sun God standing above the ground without any platform or support. It used to stand in this way due to the mechanism of huge magnets.
Historical Monuments of India #8 India Gate
The India Gate was built in New Delhi in 1931 to pay homage to the soldiers of the British Indian Army who sacrificed their lives in the First World War. The names of all these soldiers are inscribed on the walls of the India Gate. A flame called Amar Jawan Jyoti or the flame of immortal warriors was kept alive in the memory of the martyrs. (now it has been shifted)