Essay on Satyendra Nath Bose in English
Satyendra Nath Bose was an outstanding Indian physicist. He is known for his important contributions to quantum physics. His research in quantum physics laid the foundation for the “Bose-Einstein statistics” and the “Bose-Einstein condensate” theory. There are two types of molecules in physics – bosons and fermions. ‘Boson’ The name of the great Indian scientist Satyendranath Bose has been given to keep it indelible in physics because this great Indian scientist gave a new direction to modern physics i.e. quantum physics. His works were appreciated by the great scientist Einstein and together with him, many theories were propounded. His research in quantum physics gave a new direction to this subject and many scientists who made new discoveries based on his discovery went ahead and got the Nobel Prize.
Born: 1 January 1894, Kolkata
Died: 4 February 1974
Achievements: “Bose-Einstein Theory”, a subatomic particle boson named after him, “Padma Bhushan” award.
Early life of Satyendra Nath Bose
Satyendra Nath Bose was born on 1 January 1894 in Kolkata. His father Surendra Nath Bose was working in the Engineering Department of East India Railway. Satyendra was the eldest of his seven siblings. He had his early education in a normal school near his home. After that he joined the New Indian School and then the Hindu School. After completing his schooling he joined the famous Presidency College in Kolkata. An interesting thing about him is that he kept getting the highest marks in all his examinations and he kept getting the first position. Seeing this talent of his, people often used to say that he would go ahead and become a great mathematician or scientist.
Carrier of Satyendra Nath Bose
He completed his M.Sc in the year 1915. (Mathematics) examination came first in first class and passed. The principal of the college, Sir Ashutosh Mukherjee was well aware of his talent, so he appointed Satyendra Nath to the post of Professor of Physics. He worked in this post from 1916 to 1921. He joined the newly established Dhaka University in 1921 as a Reader in the Department of Physics. After joining the post of lecturer in Dhaka University, he did important work in the field of physics and mathematics. This was the time of new discoveries in physics. German physicist Max Planck proposed quantum theory. It was in Germany that Albert Einstein propounded the “theory of relativity”. Satyendranath Bose was studying and researching all these discoveries.
Satyendranath wrote a paper named “Planck’s Law and Light Quantum” and sent it to be published in the British Journal, which was rejected by the editorial there. After this, he sent it directly to the great scientist Einstein. Einstein understood its importance and said that this paper was an important contribution in the field of mathematics and translated it into the German language and published it in the journal ‘Zit für Physik’. After this, both the great scientists worked together on many theories.
Meanwhile, Bose sent another research paper for publication in ‘Physics Journal’. In this paper, an error was pointed out when applying the ‘Maxwell-Boltzmann rule’ to particles like photons. The journal did not publish this paper and Bose once again sent this paper to Einstein. Einstein, while doing some more research on this, jointly published a paper in ‘Jeet für Physique’. This paper laid the foundation of a new branch of quantum physics called ‘Bose-Einstein statistics’. By this the properties of all types of boson particles can be detected.
After this Bose went on a tour of Europe from 1924 to 1926 where he worked with scientists like Marie Curie, Pauli, Heisenberg and Planck. He also met Einstein in Berlin. After about two years in Europe, Bose returned to Dhaka in 1926 and applied for the post of Professor at the University of Dhaka, but due to lack of Ph.D., he could not qualify for the post. . Then on the suggestion of friends, he took a testimonial from Einstein, on the basis of which he got this job. Bose lived in Dhaka from 1926 to 1945. Coming back to Kolkata in 1945, he was appointed Professor of Physics at the University of Calcutta and then retired from Calcutta University in the year 1956 and went to Santiniketan. He could not stay much in Shantiniketan and had to return to Calcutta in 1958. In the same year he was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society and appointed a National Professor. Keeping in mind his outstanding achievement, the Government of India honored him with ‘Padma Bhushan’.
He died on 4 February 1974 in Kolkata. At that time he was 80 years old.
Time Line (Life Event Sequence)
1894: Born in Kolkata
1915: M.Sc in Mathematics Passed the exam by coming first in first class
1916: Appointed as Professor of Physics at Kolkata University
1921: Worked as Reader in the Physics Department of Dhaka University
1924: Wrote the paper “Planck’s law and quantum of light” and sent it to Einstein
1924–1926: Visited Europe where he worked with scientists such as Curie, Pauli, Heisenberg and Planck
1926-1945: Professor of Physics at Dhaka University
1945-1956: Worked as Professor of Physics at the University
1956-1958: Vice-Chancellor of Visva Bharati University in Santiniketan
1958: Fellow of the Royal Society and appointed National Professor
1974: He died on 4 February 1974 in Kolkata
(Sorry for the errors it’s translated)
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